Treaties Between the United States and American Indian Nations

Treaty of Canandaigua, 1794  |  VIEW TRANSCRIPT »

This was one of the earliest treaties between a Native Nation and the United States. It confirmed peace with the Haudenosaunee (Six Nations), who occupied the border between the United States and British Canada. The treaty is written on three pieces of parchment stitched together and adorned with seals. Each Native delegate signed by drawing an X beside his name. Among the signatures are those of Cornplanter, Red Jacket, and Handsome Lake. President George Washington signed at bottom.

Image: National Archives, Washington, DC | Transcript: Originally published in Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties, compiled and edited by Charles J. Kappler, 1904; digitized by Oklahoma State University.