Arrow, Inc., and the American Indian Tribal Court Judges Records, 1949-1999
NMAI.AC.013

Administrative Information

Repository Information

National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, 2011

4220 Silver Hill Rd
Suitland , Maryland, 20746-2863
Phone: 301.238.1400
nmaiarchives@si.edu

Revision Description

 Changes and revisions: Rachel Menyuk June 2012

Conditions Governing Access

Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

Conditions Governing Use note

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

The first two record groups in this collection, The Records of Arrow, Inc. and the Records of the American Indian Tribal Court Judges Association were transferred from the National Anthropological Archives to the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center in 2007. The unprocessed materials from Arrow, Inc. were donated directly from Arrow, Inc. in 2001following the closure of the organization.

Processing Information note

The first two record groups of this collection were processed while being housed at the National Anthropological Archives. The materials from third record group are unprocessed. The inventory list that accompanied the unprocessed materials was created by Arrow, Inc. in 2001.

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Summary Information

Repository
National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center
Creator
American Indian Tribal Court Judges Association
Creator
Arrow, Inc.
Creator
Hunter, Dwight
Creator
Superneau, Regina
Title
Arrow, Inc. records, and the American Indian Tribal Court Judges Association records
ID
NMAI.AC.013
Date [inclusive]
circa 1949-1999
Extent
96.5 Linear feet, 55 Paige boxes of unprocessed material. 96 Hollinger boxes of processed material.
Language
English
Abstract
These records, located in the Cultural Resources Center at NMAI, contain organizational records from ARROW, Inc. and the American Indian Tribal Court Judges Association (AITCJA). Included in this collection are both processed and unprocessed materials relating to the work conducted by these two organizations providing educational, financial and legal assistance to Native American communities.

Preferred Citation note

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Arrow, Inc. records, and the American Indian Tribal Court Judges Association records, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.

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Biographical/Historical note

Arrow, Inc. ("Americans for Restitution and Righting of Old Wrongs," frequently ARROW, Inc.) was initially known as the National Congress of American Indians Fund. It was incorporated in April 1949 under the laws of the District of Columbia by three trustees--Ruth M. Bronson, D'Arcy McNickle, and N.B. Johnson. Its founding was prompoted by the involvement of the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) in alleviating the suffering of certain Southwestern tribes brought by a particularly harsh winter. Since the NCAI was engaged in political activities, its donors could not receive tax deductions for their contributions. In contrast, the NCAI Fund was dedicated to charitable and educational work among American Indians and was initially granted tax exempt status. Thus, its donors could receive tax benefits for contributions in spite of the fact that the Fund was regarded as an arm of the NCAI, itself essentially a political lobbying organization.

In time, questions arose about the close connection between the NCAI and the NCAI Fund and caused considerable anxiety for Fund officers since it potentially threatened the tax status. In October 1949, desire for greater distance from NCAI led to the adopition of the name Arrow, Inc. In truth, however, the close connections with the NCAI continued, for the NCAI business committee had the power to appoint and remove Arrow trustees. In 1952, NCAI abolished its business committee; and, with the approval of NCAI's officers, Arrow took the opportunity to eliminate references to NCAI from its bylaws. Nevertheless, close cooperation still continued for many years.

Starting in 1952, Arrow was an autonomous organization managed by a board of directors appointed by its members. Operating largely through grants and donations, Arrow used some of its funds to finance a publications program, including a newsletter called Arrow or, in a latter-day interpretation of ARROW as an acronym, American for the Restitution and Righting of Old Wrongs. Most monies, however, went into a wide variety of education and charitable projects. In the year 2000 Arrow, Inc. closed its doors.

A project undertaken by Arrow to improve tribal courts led directly to establishing the American Indian Tribal Court Judges Association (AITCJA) in 1968. This ongoing organization, now with membership represeting almost all Indian Court judges, not only grew out of an Arrow activity but continued a close association with Arrow. only sharing executive director with Arrow as well as sponsorhsip of its projects with Arrow. Generaly, such projects involved educational activities designed to raise the standards and professionalism of Indian courts. In 1980, the National American Indian Court Clerks Association was established as an auxiliary of AITCJA.

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Scope and Contents note

Virtually all the records in this collection concern projects undertaken by Arrow, Inc., and most are projects whose sponsorship was shared with the American Indian Tribal Court Judges Association. Included are porposals, reports, relevant correspondence, and training materials. Most of these projects had been supported by the Department of Justice Legal Enforcement Assistance Administration, United States Bureau of Indian Affairs, and United States Department of Labor.

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Arrangement note

Records of Arrow, Inc., including (1) Industrial Park in Indian Areas; (2) supplemental scholarship assistance, 1961-1974; (3) monthly scholarship assistance, 1970-1972; (4) material concerning Crimial Court Procedures Manual: A Guide for American Indian Court Judges; (5) automatic diagnotic computer project, 1970; (6) Operation Mainstream; (7) social services case studies;

Records of the American Indian Tribal Court Judges Association, including (8) family law/child welfare projects, circa 1974-1985; (9) American Indian court judges training project, circa 1971-1980; (10) criminal law training program, circa 1975-1984; (11) long-range planning study, 1976-1979; (12) court clerk training program, circa 1978-1983; (13) linkages for indian child welfare programs; (14) parenting program; (15) Indian child welfare training, 1982-1983; (16) child welfare act of 1978; (17) model court development project; (18) civil law training project; (19) Dwight Hunter's Portland area needs assessment; (20) technical proposal, 1981; (21) Warm Springs tribal court manual; (22) research grant, 1970-1971; (23) juvenile law and juvenile delinquency training project, 1971-1972; (24) resource directory/social services, 1977; (25) Regina Superneau correspondence; (26) international year of the child; (27) joint training sessions, NAICJA and National Tribal Chairmen's Association, Albuquerque, 1979; (28) criminal justice development project for the Great Lakes Intertribal Council, Inc.; (29) studies for American Indian Court Judges; (30) justice and the American Indian project; (31) reference material

The Unprocessed Matrial from Arrow, Inc. is unnaranged. It is still in its original shipping order.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • American Indian Tribal Court Clerks Association.
  • Great Lakes Intertribal Council -- justice.
  • United States Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • United States Department of Justice
  • United States Department of Labor.

Genre(s)

  • Correspondence
  • Minutes
  • Project files
  • Proposals

Subject(s)

  • American Indians -- legal system
  • American Indians -- Operation Mainstream
  • American Indians -- scholarships
  • Child welfare -- American Indian
  • Family law -- American Indian
  • Juvenile law -- American Indian
  • Parenting -- American Indian
  • Warms Springs -- court manual

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Collection Inventory

Record Group 1: Records of Arrow, Inc., 1961-1978, undated

The Records of Arrow, Inc. contains material relating to scholarship assistance programs, material concerning criminal court proceedings as well as information on the operation of the organization.

Series 1: Industrial Park in Indian Areas, undated

Box Folder

Guide for Businessmen (background), undated

1 1

Guide for Businessmen (background), undated

2 2

Guide for Businessmen (background), undated

2 3

Series 2: Supplemental Scholarship Assistance, 1961-1974

Box

Book 1, 1961-1964

3

Book 2, 1969

3

Book 3-5, 1970-1972

4

Book 6-8, 1972-1974

5

Book 9, 1974

6

Series 3: Monthly Scholarship Assistance, 1970-1972

Box
6

Series 4: Material concerning Criminal Court Procedures Manual: A Guide for American Indian Court Judges, undated

Box

Book 1-2

7

Book 3

8

Series 5: Automatic Diagnostic Computer Project, 1970

Box
9

Series 6: Operation Mainstream, 1978

Box

Correspondence, Dr. Handlin (Field Director for ARROW and consultant for Operations Management)

10

Report on Examination of Financial Statements for the year ended January 31, 1978

11

Series 7: Social Services Case Studies, undated

Box
11(A)

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Record Group 2: Records of the American Indian Tribal Court Judges Association, 1970-1985

The records of the American Indian Tribal Court Judges Association contain material relating to the activities and establishement of the AITCJA and its relationship with Arrow, Inc. These records includes progress reports and correspondence relating to various family law and child welfare projects, criminal law and court clerk training program documentation, public hearings on the Child Welfare Act of 1978, as well as various reference materials used by the organization.

Series 8: Family Law and Child Welfare Projects, 1974-1985

Box

Civil/Tribal Law Curriculum Text, undated

12

Training Materials: Book 1-2, undated

13

Training Project Correspondence, 1975-1978

14

Proposal Audit Reports, 1976-1978

15

Meetings, 1977-1978

16

Progress Reports, 1978 April- 1980 December

17

Training Project Vital Documents: Book 1-2, 1974-1976

18

Training Project Vital Documents: Book 1-3, 1975

19

Vital Documents: Book 1-2, 1976-1978

20

Vital Documents, 1979-1980

21

Vital Documents: Book 1-2, 1980-1981

22

Denver National Workshop, 1975

23

Phoenix National Workshop, 1976

23

Training Project Progress Reports, 1974 December- 1976 July

24

Training Project Progress Reports: Book 1-8, 1976 October- 1978 September

25

Training Project Progress Reports: Book 9-12, 1976 October- 1978 September

26

Training Project Progress Reports, 1979 September- 1980 December

27

Technical Proposal (for training concerning welfare of Indian children and families), 1983

28

Training Project Phoenix Session, 1978

29

Training Project Cherokee Session, 1983 December

29

Training Project Sacramento Session, 1984 March

29

Training Project Phoenix Session, 1984 March

30

Training Project Portland Session, 1984 April

30

Training Project Oklahoma Session, 1984 July

31

Training Project Minneapolis Session, 1984 July

31

Training Project Anchorage Session, 1984 May

32

Training Project Albuquerque Session, 1984

33

Training Project Navajo Session, 1984

33

Training Project Rapid City Session, 1984 August

34

Training Project Oklahoma Session, 1984 August

34

Training Project Billings Session, 1984 August

35

Training Project Cherokee Session, 1983

36

Training Project Minneapolis Session, 1984

36

Training Project Rapid City Session, 1984

36

Training Project Oklahoma City Session, 1984

36

Training Project Billings Session, 1984

36

Training Project Sacramento Session, 1984

37

Training Project Phoenix Session, 1984

37

Training Project Portland Session, 1984

37

Training Project Anchorage Session, 1984

37

Training Project Albuquerque Session, 1984

37

Training Project Navajo Session, 1984

37

Training Project Chronological Correspondence: Book 1-2, 1983 March- 1984 Februrary

38

Training Project Chronological Correspondence: Book 3-4, 1984 February-May

39

Training Project Chronological Correspondence: Book 5-6, 1984 May-August

40

Training Project Chronological Correspondence: Book 7-8, 1984 August-September

41

Training Project Chronological Correspondence: Book 9, 1984 November

42

Progress Reports, 1981

43

Program Chronological Correspondence, 1981

43

Vital Documents, 1982-1985

44

Narrative Report, 1983-1985

45

Vital Documents, 1983-1985

45

Series 9: American Indian Court Judges Training Projects, 1971-1980

Box

Correspondence, 1971

46

Correspondence, 1973-1975

47

Vital Documents, 1973 October- 1975 January

48

Vital Documents, 1975-1976

48(A)

Vital Documents: Book 1-3, 1976-1977

49

Vital Documents: Book 4, 1976-1977

50

Vital Documents, 1977-1978

51

Progress Reports, 1973 February- 1975 January

52

Progress Reports, 1975 July- 1976 August

53

Progress Reports, 1976 July- 1977 September

54

Progress Reports, 1978 September- 1979 June

55

Progress Reports, 1979 October- 1980 December

55

Quarterly Progress Report, 1975 October-December

56

Miscellaneous Bookkeeper Copies, 1975 July- 1976 June

56

Series 10: Criminal Law Training Program, 1975-1984

Box

Criminal Law and Procedures Training Program Course Material, undated

57

Criminal Law and Procedures Training Program Material, 1975-1976

56

Criminal Law and Procedures Training Program Miscellaneous Correspondence and Infomation, undated

57

Evaluation Materials, 1975-1976

58

Progress Reports, 1976-1977

59

Bank Deposits, 1976-1977

59

Progess Reports, 1978-1980

60

Progress Reports, 1979

61

Criminal Law and Family Law Training Sesson, 1977

62

Criminal/Tribal Law Training Program Progress Reports, 1977

63

Criminal/Tribal Law Final Report, 1978 September- 1980 November

64

Criminal/Civil Law Vital Documents, 1981-1983

65

Criminal/Civil Law Vital Documents, 1983-1984

65(A)

Series 11: Long-Range Planning Study, 1976-1979

Box

Planning Study, undated

66

Progress Reports, undated

66

Vital Documents, undated

66

Warms Springs Reservation Survey, undated

66

Vital Documents, 1976-1977

67

Vital Documents, 1978-1979

67

Basic Planning, 1978-1979

69

Series 12: Court Clerk Training Program, 1977-1981

Box

General Information, undated

70

Court Clerks Training Manual, undated

71

Court Administration Seminar, undated

71

Progress Reports, 1977 December-1978 December, 1979 October-1979 December

72

Progress Reports, 1978 July- 1979 December

73

Vital Documents: Book 1-2, undated

74

Vital Documents, 1978-1979

75

Progress Reports, 1981 January-March

75

Correspondence, 1979 May- 1980 September

76

Series 13: Linkages for Indian Child Welfare Programs, 1980-1983

Box

Chronological Correspondence Year 1, 1980 September- 1981 November

77

Chronological Correspondence Year 1, 1981 December- 1982 April

78

Chronological Correspondence Year 2, 1982 May- 1983 February

78

Chronological Correspondence Year 3, 1983 March-May

79

Progress Reports, undated

80

Volume II Issue 1, undated

81

Volume II Issue 4, undated

81

Linkages, undated

82

Series 14: Parenting Program, undated

Box

Progress Reports, undated

80

Vital Documents, undated

83

Parenting Project, undated

84

Miscellaneous regarding program for children, undated

84

Series 15: Indian Child Welfare Training, 1982-1983

Box
85

Series 16: Child Welfare Act of 1978, 1978-1979

Box

Public Hearings, 1978-1979

86

Public Hearings Vital Documents, 1979

87

Series 17: Model Court Development Project, undated

Box
88

Series 18: Civil Law Training Project, 1980-1981, undated

Box

Civil Law Case Book: Book 1-3, undated

89

Civil Law Case Book: Book 4-5, undated

90

Progress Reports, 1980 June-December, 1981 January-April

91

Series 19: Dwight Hunter's Portland Areas Needs Assessment, undated

Box

Chronological Correspondence: Book 1-2, undated

92

Chronological Correspondence: Book 3, undated

93

Series 20: Technical Proposal, 1981

Box
94

Series 21: Warm Springs Tribal Court Manual, undated

Box
95

Series 22: Research Grant, 1970-1971

Box
96

Series 23: Juvenile Law and Juvenile Delinquency Training Project, 1971-1972

Box
97

Series 24: Resource Directory and Social Services, 1977

Box
98

Series 25: Regina Superneau (Project Coordinator) Correspondence, undated

Box
99

Series 26: International Year of the Child, 1978-1979

Box

Vital Documents, 1978-1979

100

Progress Reports, 1978-1979

100

Series 27: Joint Training Sessions in Alburquerque for the National American Indian Court Judges Association and the National Tribal Court Association, 1979

Box
101

Series 28: Criminal Justice Development Project on Public Law 280 for the Great Lakes Inter-Tribal Council, Inc., undated

Box
102
Box

Criminal Justice Development Project, undated

102

Memorandum for Tribal Government Officials on Public Law 280, undated

102(A)

Series 29: Studies for American Indian Court Judges, 1972

Box
103

Series 30: Justice and the American Indian Project, 1974, undated

Box Box

Background Material, undated

104 104(A)

Volumes 1 and 4, 1974

104

Model Court Development- Vital Documents and Progress Reports, undated

104(B)

Series 31: Reference Material, undated

Box

Indian Civil Rights Act

105

Tribal Court Managemnet Series

105

Criminal Justice Development Project regarding Public Law 280 for Great Lakes Inter-Tribal Council, Inc.

106

Hanbooks, Manual, Lesson Plans, Training

107

Alaska Family Violence Program

108

Child Welfare Agreements

109

Handbooks and Programs used in Family Law and Child Wlefare Programs

110

Handbook for American Indian Tribal Court Judges on Rental Contracts and Lanlord/Tenant Rights

111

Cases and Materials for Indian Court Judges and Law and Order Court of Ute Indians

112

Cherokee Indian Reports and Miscellaneous

113

Federal Indian Law

114

National Indian Law Library Catalogue

115

Miscellaneous

116-118

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Record Group 3: Unprocessed Material from Arrow, Inc., 1949-1999

These materials were donated upon the disbandment of the ARROW, Inc. organization and contain committee minutes, financial records, historical and background records, programming information as well as correspondence files with NAICJA. There is a small amount of photographs, computer disks, microfiche and PSA tapes also included. These records are unprocessed.

Box

Historical/Background

1

Historical/Background

2

Will Rogers, Jr.

2

Ben Reifel

3

Robert L. Bennett

3

National Congress of the American Indian

4

Minute, Bylaws, Certificates of Incorporation, 1949-1953

5

Board and Executive Committee Minutes, Books I-V, 1957-1985

5

Board and Executive Committee Minutes, Board of Director Correspondence, 1968-1994

6

Board of Directors Meeting Binders

7

Board of Directors Correspondence and Reports

8

Volunteer Nurse/Physician Placement Program: Medical Volunteers A-M

9

Volunteer Nurse/Physician Placement Program: Medical Volunteers N-Z

10

Volunteer Nurse/Physician Placement Program

11

Volunteer Nurse/Physician Placement Program: Committee, Focus Groups and Strategic Plan

12

State Employees Charity Campaigns

13

Court Clerks Final Report, Photos, Grant Files

13

Family Support

14

Scholarships, 1987-1997

14

Fundraising: Corporate, 40th Anniversary, Friend to Friend

15

Native American Development Corporation

16

Custer Library

17

Dr. George Custer Estate Reports

18

Dr. George Custer Last Will and Testament

18

Fundraising

19

Estates

20

Alphabetical: A-M

21

Alphabetical: N-Z

22

Audit Reports, 1952-1987

23

Tax Returns, 1953-1990

23

Fiscal Year 1994 Accounting Records

24

Fiscal Year 1995 Accounting Records

25

Fiscal Year 1996 Accounting Records

26

Fiscal Year 1997 Accounting Records

27

Fiscal Year 1998 Accounting Records

28

Fiscal Year 1999 Accounting Records

29

Administrative

30

Administrative

31

Individuals

32

Individuals (old files)

33

Subject File (old)

34

Foundations Declined, 1986-1989

35

Employee Background, 1970-1991

35

40th Anniversary Luncheon, 1990

35

Outside Correspondence (Senate), 1964-1969

35

VIP Correspondence, 1967-1990

36

Miscellaneous Correspondece, 1976-1984

36

Miscellaneous Correspondece, 1992-1994

36

Sponsors Correspondence, 1972-1982

36

Quick Reference to Current Program Activities, 1988-1991

36

Advisors/Sponsors Correspondence

37

Pin Letters, 1972

37

Projects, 1970-1971

37

Correspondence by State

37

Proposals

38

Youth Programs, Boy Scouts

39

ARROW/NAICJA Correspondence Files, 1981

40

ARROW/NAICJA Correspondence Files, 1985

41

Urban Indians, 1970

41

Academy of Child Psychiatry, 1979-1999

41

Energy Program Efforts, 1980-1987

41

ARROW/NAICJA Correspondence Files, 1982

42

ARROW/NAICJA Correspondence Files, 1983

43

NAICJA Project File

43

Indian Court System Plan

43

ARROW/NAICJA CPA's, 1956-1973

43

Council on Indian Affairs, 1960-1969

44

Management Training Institute Program, 1955-1967

44

Gift Show/Trade Fair, 1959-1960

44

General Programs, 1958-1960

45

Indian Youth Work-Experience Program, 1968-1969

45

National American Indian Court Clerks, Reno, Nevada Session, 1985

46

National American Indian Court Clerks, Pheonix, Arizona Session, 1987

46

Combined Federal Campaign, Background, 1985-1986

46

CFC Advertising, 1986-1987

46

Youth Programs Sponsored by Arrow, Inc.

47

National American Indian Court Judges

48

Tax Returns, CPA's and Audits, 1976-1981

48

Letters of Support for RFP No. BIA-K51-0017, 1981

48

Reference Book, ARROW Industrial Park Guide, 1970-1981

48

Indian Health Project, ARROW/Control Data Program, 1974

48

Reference Book, ARROW Sponsors, 1974-1977

48

ARROW Distributions, 1971-1973

48

Status of Native American Youth in Federal Custody, Phase I Report, 1982

48

Judicial Center Concept, a Prospectus, Tribal Justice Center, 1980-1983

48

For Quick References to Current ARROW Activities, 1982-1987

49

Physician Volunteer Program Background and Correspondence

49

Proposals: American Indian and Alaska Native Youth, 1989

50

Proposals: NAICJA, 1982

50

Better Business Bureau, Correspondence, 1984-1987

50

Foundations Book 1-3, 1986

50

Indian Law Support Center Reporter, 1982-1988

50

Scared Calf Pipe Project, South Dakota, 1976

50

Robert L. Bennett Originals #1-4

51

Court Clerk Materials

51

Microfiche: BIA/LEAA

52

Microfiche: ARROW/NAICA, 1957-1980

52

Microfiche: Scholarship Records, 1975-1980

52

PSA Tapes: Will Rogers, Jr., Jonathan Winters, Jack Anderson

53

Computer Disks: Program and Administrative

54

Box of Photographs

55

Binder of Records: ARROW Materials Shipped to Custer Library and Smithsonian Institution Archives

55

Photos of Convention of the National Congress of American Indians, Denver, Colorado, 1944

55

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