Kickapoo Nation Case Study

How did many individuals of the Kickapoo Nation, who originally lived in what is now Indiana, end up living in Mexico? These sources allow you to further investigate this story of American Indian removal.

This document was passed down from one generation to the next. It was used as a type of passport for safe travel between Mexico and the United States until the 1950s.

Be the Historian

What does this document granting safe passage tell you about Kickapoo removal?

  1. What organization does the author of this note belong to?
  2. Who is promising to protect the Kickapoo Nation?
  3. Challenge Question
  4. After reading this note, what can you infer about the kind of dangers the Kickapoo people faced?
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Document from September 28, 1832

Document from September 28, 1832 granting safe passage for the Kickapoo Nation from the 1832 Fort Dearborn Treaty.


Document of safe passage, September 28, 1832. Copy presented during testimony before the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, House of Representatives, 97th Congress (1981–1982), on H.R. 4496, to clarify the citizenship status of the members of the Texas Band of Kickapoo. National Archives, Washington, D.C.

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This is to certify that the families of the Kickapoo Indians, thirty seven in number are to be protected by all persons from any injury whatever, as they are under the protection of the U.S. and any person so voilating shall be punished accordingly.

Maj. Whittles

2nd Reg. Inf. Company

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This document states and confirms that the families of the Kickapoo Indians (a total of 37 people) are to be protected by all persons from any harm or injury whatever. These Kickapoo Indians are under the protection of the United States. Any person who harms them in any way shall be punished.

Major Whittles

2nd Regiment Infantry Company

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