War club

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possibly Gitxsan (Gitksan) or Wet'suwet'en (Babine Carrier) (archaeological) (attributed)
Chief Johnny Muldoe, Gitxsan (Gitksan)
Previous owner
Arthur Wellesley Vowell (A. W. Vowell), Non-Indian, 1841-1918
Possible seller
Arthur Wellesley Vowell (A. W. Vowell), Non-Indian, 1841-1918
MAI agent
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945
Object Name
War club
Basalt, hematite
Pecked, ground, grooved, painted
34 x 12.5 x 3.5 cm
Object Type
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare: Warfare
"Hagwilget cache"; Bulkley Canyon (Hagwilget), Bulkley River; Kitimat-Stikine Regional District; British Columbia; Canada
Date created
AD 1200-1400
Collection History
Excavated by Gitxsan Chief Johnny Muldoe in 1898 as part of what is referred to as the "Hagwilget cache" of 35 stone clubs; transferred to Arthur Wellesley Vowell (1841-1918, Superintendent of Indian Affairs for British Columbia) soon afterward; probably in the collection of Arthur Vowell until 1916, when it was purchased by MAI through Lieutenant George T. Emmons (1852-1945, US Navy 1881-1899).
Catalog Number
See related items
Gitxsan (Gitksan) (archaeological)
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare: Warfare
On View
NMAI, New York, NY: Infinity of Nations, Northwest Coast
Data Source
National Museum of the American Indian
Contact Us
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